#1 - What kinds of electric vehicles are there and do they all need a charger?
Hybrid cars, such as the Prius, have a gas or diesel engine, a small battery and an electric motor that can drive the wheels or generate electricity during deceleration. Hybrid cars do not need to be plugged in.
Plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHEV) have a much larger battery pack and can travel 18 to 85 kms on electricity alone. The engine is usually only a generator and is not typically connected directly to the wheels. A PHEV can usually accommodate daily commutes without using any gas, while still providing an extended range for longer trips. PHEV’s do not need to be plugged in to fill their battery as they can run their engine as a generator to charge the battery but this not the optimal choice, so these people will want to charge at home or work.
Battery electric vehicles (BEV) such as the Nissan Leaf, Chevrolet Bolt, Hyundai Kona, Renault ZOE and all Tesla’s. models rely solely on their battery as an energy source. Most modern BEVs can go between 200 and 400 kms between charges. BEV’s need to be plugged in regularly.